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    Anastasia Khaye

    Most of us can no longer imagine a single day without a computer. The more technologies are developed, the more affordable are the various devices that simplify people’s lives. This also applies to computers that currently provide amazingly fast information processing.
    Every day we use mobile phones, tablets, laptops, computers, watch TV, listen to the radio. We almost do not write letters by hand.
    Usually, types of communication are understood as technical means by which people exchange messages. Practically anything can be a means of communication here: a person’s behavior and clothes, words and deeds, signs left by someone (for example, marks on the sand). It’s hard enough to guess how the first people communicated. It is considered that they most often communicated with gestures and words. But this is only an assumption, and it is based mostly on observations of our own behavior. We can remember that most primitive cultures, like, incidentally, children, had fantastically developed observation and the ability to see the smallest manifestations of emotions on another person’s face, to feel those thoughts that turn out to be “thinner” than gestures and words. Theoretically, at this level, communication is possible, but we do not know how and, therefore, are not able to imagine that other people can do that.
    For a long time it was believed that the methods of communication mainly affect the volume and speed of information transfer. In ancient times, in order to memorize long texts, people composed poems from them, then writing appeared and allowed to significantly increase the amount of information. Modern computer technologies allow to bring this volume almost to infinity. Similarly, the period of delivering the message five hundred years ago was severely limited by the time during which the rider could deliver the letter. Modern technologies have significantly increased the speed and distance of information transfer. In recent decades, more and more studies have appeared showing that the form of communication and storage of technologies determine not only the volume, but also the content of knowledge.
    Apparently, the general law of history is a decrease in the sensitivity of perception. At the time of Homer, great entertainment was to listen to the old, often blind singer, who accompanied rather complicated poems with simple music on something like a lute. Once people came to a state of ecstasy from the ancient theater, where there were only a few actors, and those in masks. The first spectators of cinema films were afraid of the engine and ran away from the audience. And modern people buy 3D TV with advanced sound technology and yawn during the most exciting scenes. For a long time, technologies have been going on by increasing the realism of the image, bringing the work closer to the viewer. Now, obviously, this path is somewhat exhausted. This does not mean that our feelings are blunted, we just get used to the luxury of clear, vivid images and loud sounds, and the media industry, in order to “reach out” to the viewer, is forced to increase the realism and attractiveness of images.
    Our perception remains unchanged; it only adapts to the race of advertising, news, art and informational practices, which are more and more perfect in conveying to us new information about the world around us.

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